What is the speculative fiction genre?

stonetabletSpeculative fiction is the fantastical genre. It includes, but is not limited to, the following sub-genres: science fiction, fantasy, horror, mythology, fairy tales, folktales, tall tales and urban legends. The origins of speculative fiction most likely began with the first storytellers and stone tablets. Perhaps the earliest mythology was the original speculative fiction. From comic books to esoteric writings and from cartoons to epic films, speculative fiction covers a broad domain. Whenever an otherworldliness element is interjected into a story, it is speculative fiction. Speculative fiction challenges the imagination with the critical thinking question, “What if?

“Good fantasy fiction: … explores real human conditions through fantastic metaphors which universalize the characters’ individual experiences to speak personally to us all.”
― Laura Resnick